Many do not dare to start nutria, fearing her bite. This is a bias. By their nature, these are some of the most peaceful animals.
If nutria was acquired at an early age, then they quickly get used to the owner. Many even have a fairly successful experience of keeping these rodents as pets, they are also kept and bred in living corners in various institutions. Nutria has a lot of advantages, firstly, they are clean and friendly, respond to nicknames and approach the owner with great willingness, recognizing not only by voice, but also by smell.
Important! Good results in breeding these animals can be obtained only with an affectionate attitude.
Rough handling can lead to negative phenomena that will not slow down to affect appetite, weight gain, and a decrease in their productivity. It is essential that nutria treat you without fear, because intimidated individuals often have bruises and abortions. These animals must be treated calmly, without raising your voice, you cannot make sudden movements, bother or hurt in vain. It can only embitter them.
Catching nutria, for example, to transplant it to another place or inspect it, must be done carefully. The animal is driven into a house or corner. Then, with one hand, it is taken in the middle of the tail, and with the other near the front legs under the breast, while you need to grab a little skin. Further, the animal rises and holds on to the weight. Then the head of the nutria rises slightly above the body.
You need to take the animal by the tail, while it is in a sitting position or slowly moves. Sudden jerks are unacceptable. For example, the uterus may fall out in the female, and the penis in the male.
Nutria bite can be dangerous if the animal is angry. The bite of this rodent is very fast and strong. The force of the nutria bite is enough to bite the phalanx of the finger.
If an individual is behaving aggressively, then its head must be carefully held with a spatula. When transplanting, it is taken by the tail and is transferred in this position.
Another option is also practiced, when the hind legs are taken with the other hand so that it does not have the opportunity to scratch. If the animal needs to be transported over a long distance, then this can be done by placing it in a bag.
The main diet of nutria is plant food, which should be varied. To reduce costs, it is necessary to provide the cheapest, but at the same time, well-eaten vegetation. Organization of nutrition of nutria, their food should contribute not only to weight gain, but also to improve their health.
That is, for storing feed, you need to create appropriate conditions. First of all, prepare the food properly before serving. Most importantly, a prerequisite is high quality and freshness of the feed.
This group includes different types of cereals. In addition, the waste remaining after their processing. For example, nutria willingly eat almost all types of grain. Additionally, legumes, acorns and waternuts can be fed.
Undoubtedly, wheat and rye grains are not given in their natural form. In addition, it is ground before serving.
Excellent feed is the waste left over from milling - such as bran, shredding, and so on. A prerequisite for compound feed is its freshness. Bran is of great value. That is, the bran contains protein and various mineral components. In case of grain deficiency, boiled potatoes are given as a substitute.
Additionally, before serving it is mixed with bran or compound feed. When replacing potatoes, they give three times more than grains. Before serving, you need to drain the water and knead the tubers. Next, sprinkle with bran and mix with additives. When feeding animals at home, you can give the remains of bread. That is, crumbs or crusts. You can also give various kitchen waste. They must be fresh.
Wet mash is a supplement or a partial replacement for succulent feed. For example, winter feeding of nutria is undesirable when the diet consists only of dry food. Subsequently, this is fraught with abortion of females or the birth of weak offspring.
In the summer, the grain can not be steamed. That is, it is enough to soak the grain in salted water for five to six hours. Then mineral elements are added and then given to the animals. In winter, it is desirable that the diet of nutria be enriched with sprouted grains. This is done simply, you just need to fill the wheat or barley with water and keep it warm for a couple of days. Then it needs to be germinated, abundantly moisturizing for about a week. It can be given to animals when the sprouts reach six centimeters. Therefore, grain prepared in this way enriches food with vitamins and serves as an excellent substitute for green food.