Industrial - news of Zaporozhye

Where theatrical puppets have the same hooks and strings that bring them to life on stage

In the regional puppet theater, you can not only watch performances, but also go on excursions to the gallery where "retired artists" live. That is, puppets from performances that no longer play. Before the pandemic, such excursions were carried out all the time. This was reported to Industrialka by the deputy director of the puppet theater Larisa Stovbun.

-In 1999, Anatoly Kolb was appointed director of the regional puppet theater, who organized the opening of the puppet gallery, - Larisa Stovbun told about the history of creating puppet galleries. - Before that, the gallery was empty. And the theater has accumulated many puppets from performances that were removed from the repertoire. They were kept in special boxes. Over time, the dolls grew larger.

Two galleries were equipped, on the walls of which were placed all the dolls that have been used in the theater's productions since 1994. But I didn't want to hide such beauty from the eyes of the audience. And Anatoly Mikhailovich decided to put the dolls on public display. We began to offer kindergartens and schools, which brought children to performances in an organized manner, to show dolls off stage - so to speak, live. The children liked it and they began to order excursions to the dolls galleries from us. Also, some travel agencies began to call, which later brought tourists from the region.

Our actors-guides not only tell, but also show how a theatrical puppet works. What it is made of and where it has those cherished hooks and strings with which it comes to life on stage. We tell older children about different control systems for theatrical puppets.

The simplest is a parsley doll. It is also called a glove, since the actor puts it on his hand and controls it with the help of the movement of his fingers. She is the smallest.

The most common puppets in theaters are reed puppets. They are also the most mobile. They are controlled by special wires or sticks-reeds, which can be masked in doll clothes. The doll's head is set on a special rod - hapit. This is the stick to which the shoulders and arms are attached. There are many levers on the hapit, with the help of which the actor controls the doll. A machine is installed in the doll's head to control the eyes and mouth. The hands are set in motion with canes, which are controlled by the actor. The size of a cane doll is larger than a glove doll. It resembles a human in proportion.

The most difficult doll to make and manage is the puppet. It is guided by threads or thin wires. In his hand, the actor holds a movable cruciform holder called a waga. On the waga, threads are collected that go to various parts of the doll's body. The actor alternately pulls the strings and the doll comes to life.

In our country, puppet dolls are not widely used. But there is a variety of these dolls - a whip puppet. The doll sits on a metal pin with control levers. And it is controlled from above. The actors are on the platform, and the dolls walk on the floor. This kind of dolls is used in our play "Handfuls and a Half".

But in the play "Cinderella" - various systems of puppets. Most heroes have a cane control system. In the scene of the royal ball, shadow puppets are working. And when Cinderella runs away from the prince and loses her crystal slipper, an additional Cinderella doll is used in this scene - a whip puppet.

Mechanical puppets are also used in puppetry. They are controlled by various mechanisms: levers, rubber bands. This is how galloping horses, marching soldiers, monkeys climbing trees are made. In our theater, such puppets are played in the play "Cat's House". This is a family of pigs that "sit on benches, eat from pellets." All piglets are connected by a single mechanism. Such a doll can be controlled by one actor.

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