Women lead an active lifestyle not so long ago - only from the middle of the 19th century. Then they adopted the fashion for playing croquet from men, and later mastered figure skating, tennis and cycling. At that moment, the question arose about comfortable clothing for sports.
If men could get by with ordinary shirts and trousers, then women were supposed to observe the "standards of decency." However, a long dress is hardly conducive to free movement, and the corset does not allow breathing at all. The very desire to wear comfortable clothes was already a challenge: when the suffragette Amelia Bloomer presented an outfit of trousers and a short dress to the public, a barrage of criticism fell upon her. The Bloomers were mocked, the image of Amelia was called unheard of. But hundreds of women liked the outfit - they wrote letters to Bloomer and asked to share patterns. What can you do to do away with long, heavy skirts and dresses.
The industrialization and development of the women's rights movement, along with changing fashion, has led to the creation of complete sportswear. Already in the 20th century, the leading fashion designers of that time Jean Patou, Coco Chanel and Elsa Schiaparelli adopted many of the things that girls wear today.
Since the 30s, there have been more and more sportswear models for women. When fashion designer Madeleine de Rauch did not find a suitable form for horse riding, she simply sewed it herself. René Lacoste did the same when he needed a shirt for the US Open.
In the Soviet Union, one of the main fashion designers of that time was Varvara Stepanova. In the post-revolutionary period, she created images for "new" men and women. Comfort and functionality were prioritized over beauty.
Fashion wave wartime slowed down slightly. The resources of many countries were redistributed in favor of helping the front, and then - in favor of restoring life. During the Second World War, the factories of the Dassler brothers (in the future, the founders of Adidas and Puma) were even confiscated. Sport faded into the background.
The wars of the 20th century did not pass by those regions where the demand for training clothes still remained - military clothing appeared in the wardrobe. The style itself appeared later, but people wore "military" costumes during the First World War - it was a protest. They did not like the fact that the production of civilian clothes was suffering due to the political situation. The same thing happened in the middle of the century. The peak of the popularity of the military came in the 60s - during the Vietnam War. And fashion designers Christian Dior and Louis Vuitton are considered the founders of just such a style - they began to use camouflage colors and soldier styles for suits for different occasions.
In the 50s and 70s, sports style as a whole firmly established itself in the women's wardrobe, not only as a specialized outfit, but also in the form of elements of everyday clothing - trousers, jumpers, tennis skirts. Skinny trousers, for example, even appeared in the collections of Soviet designers. They were considered convenient for outdoor recreation and tourism, as well as for cycling and sports.
A new boom in the tracksuit was in the 80s, in the era of lurid outfits and endless aerobics. Since that time, sportswear has become more and more tight so that people can observe themselves during training and at the same time demonstrate the achieved result to others.