Often, the victims of Stalinist repressions were those who carried out these repressions. In the 1930s, the NKVD underwent several waves of "purges" of employees, which coincided with the arrests of the main leaders. However, not all high-ranking Chekists were ready to wait for their fate. In 1938, the head of the Far Eastern Directorate of the NKVD, Genrikh Lyushkov, fled abroad. Once in Japan, the defector gave away many of the secrets of the Soviet Union.
The biography of Genrikh Lyushkov is quite typical for the Soviet state security agencies. The son of an Odessa tailor, at the age of 17 he supported the October Revolution, fought on the fronts of the Civil War, and in 1920 entered the Cheka staff. In 1930, Lyushkov established himself as a good intelligence officer, he personally reported to Stalin on the results of work in Germany. Under the People's Commissar of Internal Affairs Genrikh Yagoda, Lyushkov participated in the fabrication of major cases against "enemies of the people." Unlike many close associates of Yagoda, he retained positions under Nikolai Yezhov.
In the summer of 1937, the State Security Commissioner of the 3rd rank Lyushkov was sent to the Far East, where he replaced Terenty Deribas as the head of the UNKVD. Lyushkov got one of the most "difficult" regions. The closeness to militaristic Japan and "White Guard" Harbin from the point of view of the Chekists meant only one thing - the presence of enemy spies and traitors. According to the American historian Alvin Cooks, Yezhov also instructed Lyushkov to "watch" the commander of the Special Far Eastern Army, Marshal Vasily Blucher.
The period of Lyushkov's stay in the Far East was marked by an unprecedented scale of terror for these places. The head of the NKVD arrested his predecessor Deribas and many of his subordinates. There were repressed high-ranking officials in the party and border troops. Lyushkov deported 135 thousand Koreans to Central Asia, whom the Soviet government considered potential traitors. This was the first deportation of an entire people in the USSR. According to Lyushkov himself, during the year of his activity, the "organs" arrested 200 thousand people, of whom 7 thousand were shot.
In the summer of 1938, Genrikh Lyushkov himself was under threat. At the end of May, he learned from an old colleague that Stalin had ordered his arrest. The leader was unhappy with the fact that Lyushkov was unable to collect dirt on Blucher.
On June 13, 1938, the head of the UNKVD arrived at the state border in the area of responsibility of the 59th Posyet border detachment. Lyushkov told the border guards that he supposedly had to see a particularly valuable agent who would come from Japanese territory. Moreover, the agent is so secret that the meeting must be held face to face. Believing the chekist chief, the escorts left him a kilometer from the border. Having reached the territory of Manchukuo (the puppet state of Japan), Lyushkov immediately surrendered to the local police.
It is noteworthy that although Japan and Manchukuo were considered allies of the Third Reich, the Soviet defector was not in danger of persecution because of his nationality. Japan did not discriminate against Jews and even accepted refugees from Europe fleeing Hitler. Lyushkov found himself in the Land of the Rising Sun in a very special position.
After making sure that they were facing a high-ranking leader, the Japanese military took Lyushkov to Tokyo, where they interrogated him "in full." A month after escaping from the USSR, he was allowed to hold a press conference for journalists at the Sanno Hotel.
The parrot is a smart bird, and it needs to make discoveries every day, so the task of the future owner is not only to look after the cage and drinker, but also to think about toys so that the pet will quickly get used to the house. However, in pet stores, they are expensive, and their quality sometimes leaves much to be desired.
Don't give up ahead of time! Accessories for the feathered friend can be made by hand. This will require materials at hand and imagination.
Toys are made for fun, learning and strength development. The parrot will not only amuse the owner, but also develop the brain, setting new tasks for itself. Before you make a cute gift for your pet with your own hands, you need to think about its benefits.
In no case should the toys be based on materials such as zinc, brass, mercury, copper, as they are toxic. A bird can accidentally swallow small parts. Never choose a cotton pendant!
The tree must also be chosen carefully: it must be fruitful. For example,
Variants of interesting and cute toys that will suit any type of parrot: from simple to complex
Just a minute: string pieces of bread (always white) on a rope and wait until they dry up and hang them from the ceiling of the cage. When the parrot has played enough with food, he will happily enjoy it.
House out of the box