DIY soap, or handmade soap, is a mixture of science and art. Combining scientific knowledge from the past 150 years and the artistic creativity of soap makers, each piece is unusual, luxurious and unique.
There are several ways to make soap at home:
Regardless of the method, if 50% of the soap-making process is done by hand, from boiling, additives, decorating, and ending with the final packaging, then such soap can safely be considered handmade soap.
Soap makers are generally proud of their unique recipes. Ingredients for soaps are generally food grade, natural ingredients ranging from a variety of vegetable oils such as olive, coconut, palm, shea, and others. To this can be added specialized soap maker oils, nut butters or seed extracts to achieve a high quality finished soap.
Essential oils or fragrances are usually added for aroma. For color and texture, soap makers often use cosmetic pigments or dyes, herbs, spices, or other natural ingredients. For those with sensitive skin, a “simple soap” can be made with no additives or scent.
Handmade soap comes in all shapes and sizes. Freshly boiled soap in a liquid state is poured into molds and allowed to cool and harden. Molds are used to determine the final shape of the bar, be it a unique, unusual shape, or a large slab that is then cut into individual soap bars.
This method is often used by novice soapmakers because of its simplicity in manufacturing, small investment of time and money. Ingredients can be purchased at your nearest pharmacy and regular supermarket, and you can have some right in your kitchen!
The principle of making soap from a soap base is almost the same as with baby soap. However, it is much easier to work with it, since it melts well, solidifies quickly, and the result is much better.
"And the rails are crying too": all about replacing the Ford Focus steering rack The reasons why your car starts to "junk" is a dime a dozen. One of the weakest parts, more susceptible to failure than others, is the steering rack. Its breakdown is caused, first of all, by the well-known quality of our domestic roads: frequent shocks and hitting bumps, as well as the ingress of dust, do their job, gradually wearing out the state of the rail. The speed of breakdown is also influenced by the driving style of the motorist: sharp accelerations followed by a strong turn of the steering wheel, as well as frequent arrivals on the curb. Extremely negative for the steering rack is the long idle time of the car with the wheels turned on its side, as well as the untimely oil change in the hydraulic system.
The steering rack transfers rotation from the steering wheel to the wheels. It affects handling, and any malfunctions in this unit make the car less obedient. Steering rack elements are subject to natural wear and tear and are subject to shock loads from driving on uneven roads. This leads to the fact that the steering rack of almost every car needs to be replaced or repaired by a mileage of 200–250 thousand km.
Basically, the steering rack repair kit consists of the following spare parts:
And so, we stocked up with consumables, now we turn to the very process of repairing the steering rack for Ford Focus
All repair work with the steering rack on a Ford Focus car is carried out only after removing this part. Therefore, it is with this that I will begin our step-by-step instruction.
Repair of the Focus steering rack has a number of specific points. Let's start with the fact that generations of Focuses replaced each other along with the design of the steering rack.
All generations of the steering rack are united by the Focus of one thing - problems with a biscuit.