8 iconic films that won the Golden Bear

"Strawberry meadow",

In the final film of his career, the famous Swedish director and actor Viktor Shestrem plays 78-year-old professor Isak Borg. He went from Stockholm to Lund to receive an honorary award from the university for his half-century of activity. The egocentric widower is accompanied by his daughter-in-law Mariana, who, despite her pregnancy, plans to leave her husband. On the way, they stop by Isak's childhood home, where he recollects, rethinks his life and resigns himself to the inevitability of impending death.

1957 was a landmark year in the career of the film's director, Ingmar Bergman. First came out one of his most famous works - the philosophical parable "The Seventh Seal", which received many accolades and awards. Bergman later released Strawberry Glade, a script for which he wrote for two months while recovering from a nervous breakdown in a hospital.

The tape was awarded the "Golden Bear" of the Berlin Film Festival and was recognized as one of the director's most personal works - "about the power of memory and the power of fantasy that can overcome despair and cold.

Cousins,

The naive provincial Charles comes to his cousin in Paris to study law. Paul, it seems, prefers noisy parties and riotous life to study - he is the soul of the company, is popular with girls and uses any means to achieve his goal. Charles appears to be his complete opposite.

The tape of one of the representatives of the French new wave, Claude Chabrol, adopts the Hitchcockian motif of duplicity. In front of the viewer a snapshot of the life of the intellectual youth of the late 50s, which was "struck by filth", appears.

Using Charles and Paul as an example, the director rather cynically shows that the fittest survive in society.

The Tosca of Veronica Foss

Veronica Foss is an aging movie star of the 1940s with a drug addiction who became a hostage of an unscrupulous psychologist. The specialist aggravates the condition of his patients with unnecessary prescriptions.

In Rainer Werner Fassbinder's post-war trilogy, Veronica Foss's Tosca is the final chapter after The Marriage of Maria Brown and Lola. The director was inspired to create this story by the plot about the film star of the Third Reich Sibylla Schmitz. After the defeat of the Nazis, the UFA film studio was disbanded and employees left without a livelihood became addicted to alcohol and illegal substances.

Here Fassbinder reconstructs the aesthetics of the once-popular film studio, draws on the narrative structure of the melodrama genre, and quotes Billy Wilder's noir film Sunset Boulevard - it tells "the tragedy of forgotten Hollywood stars." Made in black and white style, the film is a metaphor for post-war Germany, which is trying to leave behind its hard-hitting past, without ever trying to comprehend it for real.

Four months after the picture was released on the big screens, Rainer Werner Fassbinder was found dead in his apartment.

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