Pace horses: what are they

The Appaloosa is a forelock horse breed bred and popular in the United States.

Appaloosa horses attract their attention with an unusual beautiful appearance, because they have an unusual color and a peaceful nature. This horse can be easily recognized by its beautiful and even figure and chubar suit.

Appaloos are often brought to competitions, exhibitions and screenings. Beauty lovers have several representatives of the breed in their household.

Brief description:

  • Life expectancy - about 30 years;
  • Height - up to 1 meter 65 cm, weight - up to 500 kg;
  • Character: kind, flexible, not impudent;
  • Price: from 70,000 rubles.

Origin story

This breed was bred by the Indians of the Ne-Persian tribes by selection from the descendants of the horses of the Spanish conquistadors and other breeds imported to America by Europeans.

A contribution to the breed was made by the forelock horses, which in the 18th century went out of fashion in Europe and were exported en masse to America. Some of these horses were free and in the hands of the Indians.

After the military defeat and settlement on the reservation in 1877, the non-Persians lost 2,000 of their horses and lost their horse breeding traditions. The breed survived thanks to a small number of amateurs and was fully restored in 1938 with the formation of the Appaloosa Club.


Amble is a type of gait, a special movement of a horse or other four-legged animal, which consists in a one-sided rearrangement of the legs.

A pacer is a horse whose main, natural gait is amble. In this case, the horse moves forward at a walk and trot, lifting two legs of one side at once.

Pacing Features

The normal movement of a horse with a walk and a normal trot is that it moves its legs diagonally while running - first the right hind and left front, then the left hind and right front, etc.

Amble is a "wrong" movement, in which the horse moves his legs not diagonally, but unilaterally: first the right hind and right front, then the left back and left front. At the same time, while amble, the horse sways from side to side.

Amble is natural, congenital, but more often it is developed artificially. Natural amble does not tire the horse, while artificial amble responds with accelerated breaking of the horse's legs.

Horse Amble Sequence

Giraffes also walk in amble due to their long legs. When trotting, the giraffe's front and hind legs would collide. Amble is also characteristic of camels and elephants, as well as some antelopes (saigas, wildebeest).

Pacers are very much appreciated when riding, because the pace is quite fast and pleasant for the rider: the horse waddles from foot to foot and does not shake at all.

It is especially convenient to ride a pacer over long distances with flat surfaces - in the steppe or prairie. Under the saddle, pacers walk 10 km per hour, up to 120 km per day.

However, the pacer is not very maneuverable - he can only run in a straight line and it is difficult for him to make turns and turns.

Today there are several hundred horse breeds in the world, about 30 of them are of Russian selection. Russian horse breeding has created and preserved many breed lines, providing Russian horse breeds with worldwide fame and making them in demand in Russia and abroad.


In the annals of Ancient Russia it was reported that all horses were divided into merciful, summons and occasional horses. These definitions may well be considered the first equestrian breeds. But we will remember those that are known today.

The princes rode gracious horses, they were sent as an expensive gift for faithful service to their subjects, and only the highest ranks of the princes' squad had the right to own such a horse.

Sumy horses were used to transport goods - sums, packs, military campaigns. Lead horses are marketable, distinguished by their sluggishness, and therefore were only suitable for being used exclusively in carts. The horse in Russia was incredibly highly valued.

So, in the 11th century, Prince Yaroslav the Wise published a collection of laws, which ordered the person guilty of killing someone else's horse to pay 12 hryvnia to the treasury and another 1 hryvnia to the victim. And what is the basis of domestic horse breeding today?


Large, unpretentious, full of health, like the Cossacks themselves, the Don horses were born for service. Of these, regiments of cavalry and mounted police are formed.

Their ancestor is a steppe horse, which the Don Cossacks improved at the expense of Turkish, Persian, Karabakh, Turkmen breeds that fell to them in the 18-19th centuries during the Russian-Turkish wars.

Then they were crossed with the Oryol breed, with purebred riding and Arabian half-breeds. One of the French generals - participants in the war of 1812, wrote that the horses of the Don Cossacks "are not inferior to them in art and seem to be part of their body."

Oryol trotter

The creator of this breed is Count Alexey Orlov-Chesmensky. He dreamed in one horse to combine the beauty and grace of Arabian horses with the massiveness and power of the Danish, Dutch, Norfolk and Mecklenburg harness breeds.

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