How to help a child who went to school at the prescribed age of 7, but for some reason cannot keep up with his classmates (it is difficult for him to concentrate, to remember something, to learn new things)? Should I take him to a specialist? In the book "Neuropsychological Studies for Children" (published by the publishing house "AST") a whole chapter is devoted to this problem. We publish it in full.
By the age of 7, the body of a healthy child is usually ready for school loads. If all stages of development have been passed safely, then you should not be afraid of schooling. But, unfortunately, there are more children with learning difficulties every year. Parents bring first graders and even high school students to a speech therapist who are unable to cope with the school curriculum. Scientists argue that this is due to a whole bunch of reasons, such as the biological immaturity of certain brain systems and, as a result, their functional failure.
According to experts, almost 70% of the difficulties encountered by primary schoolchildren in mastering writing, reading, counting, are caused precisely by problems with the brain. Most of these children do not have pronounced intellectual disabilities, they have preserved hearing, and there are no serious deviations in the state of vision or motor sphere. But they cannot accept the rules and norms of behavior, scattered and slow or, on the contrary, hyperactive, remember educational material poorly, and they have absolutely no desire to learn, they are tuned in only to play activities.
This is called school immaturity. On physical examination, neurologists can detect mild central nervous system damage or minimal cerebral dysfunction (MMD) in these children. These disorders do not cause the death of brain cells, only their activity changes, which leads to functional weakness in certain areas of the brain. In this case, medical intervention is necessary in order to help the child. This helps to cope with unbearable loads for him.
A child's readiness for school begins to form long before he enters the first grade
And this is not so much the ability to read and count, but the general level of psychological maturity, the formation of cognitive processes, speech development, educational motivation, the ability to self-regulation. At the same time, it is important to remember that, while developing, teaching a child, we must not harm his physical and mental health. Development should be harmonious and consistent, taking into account the capabilities of his brain and the age period of development. Otherwise, you can not only cause mental overload, but also cause serious harm to health.
Dad and daughter (6.5 years old) at the reception. Dad complains that the child speaks poorly, misses and confuses sounds, cannot clearly express his thoughts, does not remember new material. He is interested in how many classes it takes to prepare a girl for school.
It is impossible to just take and put a certain amount of information into a child's head at once. The child's brain assimilates everything gradually. On the basis of some knowledge, others, more complex ones, are formed. This is a sequential process, and you need to worry about it not three months before September 1, or even six months, but at least two years before school!
What to do if time is lost and school is coming soon? How can I help my children become friends with the school? Indeed, future success largely depends on the basis laid down in the first stages of training.
Who are "slow kids" and why you shouldn't push them all the time
Specially selected exercises will help to significantly activate the work of the brain, will contribute to the development of speech, thinking, attention. These exercises are selected depending on the difficulties of the child. Some of them are aimed at the development of phonemic hearing, which is provided by the work of the left temporal region, others - at the development of visual perception, the disturbances of which are associated with the occipital regions of the brain, or at maintaining a certain level of selective brain activation.