Coxsackie virus, rotavirus and 3 more causes of nausea and vomiting in children and adults

What is rotavirus infection?

Rotaviriosis, intestinal or stomach flu are other names for rotavirus infection. RVI (rotavirus infection) is an infectious pathology with a viral nature. The cause of the disease is the virus of the Rotavirus order, the result of which is the damage to the mucous tissues of the intestine and stomach. If signs of the disease are detected in an adult, then for the patient the symptoms do not bear mortal danger.

The patient poses a threat to society, as he is a carrier of the virus. In children, immunity is not stable and is in the process of formation, which aggravates the clinical picture. If the acute process is not stopped in a timely manner, dehydration can lead to death, and against the background of a weakening of the barrier functions, more serious diseases develop.

It is worth noting that hundreds of thousands of children in Asia and Africa are dying from rotavirus. In Russia and Ukraine, an annual increase in the incidence of diseases in children and adults is recorded.

Intestinal infection in babies under one year old

The disease is much more complicated in babies up to one year old. Dehydration occurs fairly quickly. But the main problem is that babies refuse to drink water and solutions. That is why they are hospitalized in a hospital where drugs are administered intravenously.

Dangerous symptoms in children under one year old are:

  • no sweat;
  • urinary disorders. The child may not write for more than three hours;
  • dryness of the mucous membrane of the tongue and mouth;
  • the manifestation of crying without tears.

If parents have suspicions of an infection, then an ambulance should be called urgently. You should not refuse hospitalization, since it is not always possible to overcome diseases at home.

The causative agent of rotavirus infection

Rotavirus - belongs to the genus of the Reoviridae family. All of them have morphological and antigenic similarity in structure. The family is characterized by the presence of double-stranded RNA (fragmented). When identifying the virus, 11 fragments in the protein envelope of 3 layers are identified in the genome. Visually, the particles resemble a wheel with small spokes in the rim. The virus is characterized by a diameter ranging from 65 to 75 nm.

Of all the studied representatives of the genus, only three species pose a threat to humans - A, B, C.

If the symptoms indicate rotavirus intestinal infection, it is highly likely that laboratory tests will reveal type A (ICD-10 code - A08.), since in 90% of cases, it is he who is the cause of the disease.

Coxsackie virus, rotavirus and 3 more causes of nausea and vomiting in children and adults

The mountain gave birth to a mouse - the insignificant results of grandiose plans, preparations, decisions, projects, activities. The expression that has become famous is attributed to the famous semi-legendary ancient Greek fabulist Aesop, who lived in about the seventh century BC, and his fable "The Pregnant Mountain"

“It was a long time ago, back in the time of Ono, when in the bowels of a huge mountain there was a terrible roar, similar to a groan, and everyone decided that fights had begun near the mountain. Crowds of people came from all over the world just to see the great miracle that the mountain would bring into being. Days and nights they stood in anxious anticipation and, finally, the mountain gave birth to a mouse! So it happens with people - they promise a lot, but do nothing! "

It has come down to us thanks to the Roman poet and fabulist Phaedrus (about 20 BC - about 50 AD), who repeated the thought of Aesop in his fable "Mons parturiens" ("Mountain giving birth")

“The mountain gave birth with unheard of groans, And the whole earth languished in anticipation, And a mouse was born. For those it is written, Who promises a lot, but comes out nonsense "

Aesop's opinion was also supported by the ancient Roman poet Quintus Horace Flaccus (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), who wrote "Ars poetica" (" The art of poetry ")

"Do not start, for example, as an ancient cyclical author:" I sing the fate of Priam and the deeds of the famous war. " What good will you get from such promises? A mountain will give birth, and a funny mouse will be born "(" Nec sic incipies, ut scriptor cyclicus olim "Fortunam Priami cantab (o) et nobile bellum". Quid dignum tanto feret hic promissor hiatu? Parturiunt montes, nascetur ridiculus mus ") <

There is another version of the origin of the proverb. The commentator Horace, the Roman grammar Pomponius Porphyrion, who lived at the beginning of the 3rd century AD, claimed that "the mountain gave birth to a mouse"

- an ancient Greek folk proverb, whose primary source is the legend of the god Zeus, who, fearing the big trouble from giving birth to the pregnant Mount Olympus, made it a mouse.

Origin

The phraseologism is very old, and so much so that it is impossible to find traces of it. One thing is clear: it was used by the ancient Greeks. He is known for the work of Aesop "Pregnant Mountain". But the fabulist only perpetuated a Greek proverb, which, apparently, by that time was already well known.