Why do they arise? Is it possible to prevent their appearance? And most importantly - how to help the baby and ease his suffering? The questions are answered by the pediatrician of the MEDSI Children's Clinic on Pirogovskaya Alexander Ushakov.
“There is no one hundred percent proven and known to doctors cause of intestinal colic in infants,” comments pediatrician Alexander Ushakov. "Various factors can lead to their occurrence."
- swallowing a tiny piece of air while eating;
- feeding the baby too large portions of formula;
- feeding with the wrong formula;
- a mother's diet containing foods that cause an allergic reaction or digestive problems in a child.
These factors lead to the formation and excessive accumulation of gases in the intestines of the baby. They form large blisters that stretch the intestinal walls and cause abdominal discomfort, and often severe pain. In response to them, the child chokes with crying.
“With artificial feeding, the risk of developing intestinal colic in a child increases,” says Alexander Ushakov. - Breast milk contains special enzymes that reduce the risk of allergic reactions in the baby and digestive disorders. These enzymes are absent in artificial mixtures. In addition, when feeding through a bottle, the baby swallows more excess air than when breastfeeding. This also increases the risk of colic. "
But it is a mistake to consider artificial feeding as the main cause of the problem. It often occurs in infants. The formation of excess gas can be caused by the mother's diet, which provokes food allergies in the baby, or the natural colonization of the baby's intestines by microorganisms that live on the skin of the mother's breast.
The main causes of nausea, diarrhea and weakness include:
Vomiting and diarrhea remove viruses and their toxins from the stomach and intestines. By stopping vomiting and diarrhea, you lock the toxic toxins inside. They are absorbed into the bloodstream and poison the body. Very often, an hour after taking motilium or cerucal, a high temperature rises, chills appear, a headache - these are poisonous toxins penetrate into the blood.
If vomiting and diarrhea are physically unbearable for you or you have an important business date, then:
The main factor in the prevention of nausea, diarrhea, headache and weakness is following the rules of personal hygiene.
At the end of a meal, it is forbidden to leave unwashed dishes in the sink, and it is also recommended to remove all crumbs from the table. It is important to install a special lid on the trash bin and take it out every day.
This problem is one of the most unpleasant, because it is a great concern for the child. He cries, is constantly naughty, cannot sleep and refuses to feed.
Not all parents understand the reason for this phenomenon, so they quickly begin to do an enema or give a baby juice. If the baby has not gone to the toilet for more than two days, you should be wary. This is the real sign of constipation. Tiny babies can empty themselves 3-4 times a day. With age, this number decreases to two.
It is necessary to be observant and monitor the condition of the child. Some babies may not go to the toilet every day, but they are cheerful, cheerful, and well.
If the baby still does not empty, and at the same time also screams, refuses food, does not sleep, then he simply cannot go to the toilet in any way.
Mechanical stimulation of bowel movements in an infant with the help of a special gas tube by introducing it into the child's rectum to a depth of no more than 3.5 cm is acceptable. The tube must be disinfected and its tip smeared with petroleum jelly or cream.
IMPORTANT: It is not permissible to insert bars of soap into the child's rectum. This can cause burns to the mucous membrane.
In order to choose the right treatment, you must first understand the causes of stool retention. There are several of them.
When hemorrhoids begin to bleed, this indicates the progression of the disease. To avoid surgical intervention, you should urgently seek help from a proctologist. In the first stage, small drops of blood are observed on the toilet paper, but then heavy bleeding may occur.
Attention! When bleeding from the anus appears, do not immediately think about hemorrhoids. It is better to undergo an examination to identify the exact cause that triggered the release of blood. ... Blood is sometimes released from the anus in other diseases, so you need to know the difference between hemorrhoidal secretions
They have certain features:
Blood is sometimes secreted from the anus in other diseases, so it is necessary to know the difference between hemorrhoids. They are characterized by certain features:
But if the blood appears in a calm state, then this indicates other pathologies: oncology, polyps, or the consequences of unsuccessful medical manipulations.
Watch a video about bleeding with hemorrhoids:
What does constant bleeding mean?
Often bleeding hemorrhoids should never be ignored. The risk of dangerous complications will increase. Discharge is always accompanied by inflammation.
The ingress of microbes into the wounds will cause a purulent complication - paraproctitis and even a fistula will form. And such pathologies are treated only in a hospital, otherwise everything can end in death.
Therapy for bleeding hemorrhoids is complex, individual for each, depending on the severity of bleeding and the physiological characteristics of the patient. In the initial stages of hemorrhoidal disease, rest and a special diet are enough. With frequent recurrence, the question arises of the treatment of anemia. In any case, it is necessary to establish and eliminate the root cause of bleeding.
Symptoms of an umbilical hernia in newborns are a phenomenon that occurs quite often, because this is one of the most common pathologies. Of course, there is little pleasant in such a state both for the baby himself and for his parents, however, even if you notice alarming symptoms, you should not panic: an umbilical hernia practically does not threaten the health and life of the baby. However, the sooner you spot problems, the better. So, what are the most common symptoms of an umbilical hernia in newborns?
1. Turn the baby over to an upright position. Even if the parents are holding the baby in their arms, it will be possible to see unusual protrusions of various sizes and shapes in the navel area.
2. If you gently touch the crumbs' tummy with your fingers, you will immediately feel the edges of the umbilical ring, as well as the protruding soft part of the hernia itself, which can easily go further into the peritoneum.
3. When a baby cries or is stressed (for example, during a bowel movement), the navel, as well as the areas around it, acquire some swelling.
4. The diameter of the umbilical ring seems to be too wide, and even as the child grows, it does not decrease significantly.
Of course, these are not all the symptoms of umbilical hernia in newborns. Children tend to become restless, sleep and eat poorly (due to tummy pain). As a rule, parents who have already learned how to feel their child well and notice in time that the baby is worried about something, causes him discomfort, react quickly enough to alarming signs.
Why does an umbilical hernia develop in newborns? The reasons for the onset and development of this pathology may be different. Often, a hernia is congenital, hereditary: in this case, problems arise due to the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of the abdominal wall. For example, the muscular umbilical ring can be weakened, sometimes the protrusion of the peritoneum occurs due to poor development of the connective tissue (especially often this happens in babies who were born prematurely).
In addition, an umbilical hernia can be acquired. It occurs due to problems with the gastrointestinal tract, constipation, or frequent flatulence. Muscle strain can also be one of the reasons.
Now let's talk about how to treat an umbilical hernia in newborns, the symptoms of which cause considerable concern in young parents. The general strengthening methods of treatment include regular gymnastics and a special massage therapist (it is best if your pediatrician teaches you how to do it). Exercise in water also has a good effect.
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Massage and other procedures, as a rule, are performed after the umbilical hernia has been repositioned using a special adhesive plaster. Here, again, it is better for the doctor to do it, however, the mother herself can cope with this task by consistently following all the recommendations.
In infancy, an umbilical hernia usually heals by itself. But older children sometimes even require surgical intervention. However, doctors resort to such measures only in case of the development of some complications and only after the child reaches 3 years of age.
Now you know what symptoms of an umbilical hernia in newborns exist, and how such pathologies are treated.