On city flower beds, in front gardens and on balconies of high-rise buildings from June to the very frost, bright and unpretentious marigolds, or black marigolds (lat.tagetes - tagetes), delight us with their sunny petals.
The homeland of these flowers is sunny Mexico, and they were brought to Europe by the Spanish conquistadors after Columbus discovered America. They came to our country around the 18th century and were called then "African flowers".
The British christened them "the gold of the Virgin Mary." This name comes from the Christian tradition of surrounding the images of the Virgin Mary with marigold flowers, symbolizing gold coins.
According to legend, during the escape of Joseph and Mary to Egypt, the Holy Family began to pursue a gang of thieves. When they overtook the fugitives and took away their wallet, marigold flowers fell from there instead of money.
The legend is a legend, but in terms of the combination of useful properties, the humble marigolds can really be called golden. Few people know that these flowers are the most valuable medicine, protect garden plants from pests, and are widely used in cooking and cosmetology.
In folk medicine, the water infusion of the flowers of the Black-brewers has long been used as a diuretic, diaphoretic and antihelminthic agent. They drank marigold tea to treat diarrhea and stomach cramps.
Mexican Indians used marigold tinctures to enhance lactation in nursing mothers, relieve rheumatic pains. And in India, plants treated eczema with the juice of freshly squeezed leaves.
Modern science confirms the healing properties of marigolds. They have been found to help heal the liver and kidneys and, in the case of inflammation, relieve pain. Infusions of Chernobryvtsy improve metabolism and strengthen the immune system.
At the initial stage of diabetes, they are able to reduce the amount of sugar in the blood, having a positive effect on the pancreas. The flowers of this plant contain carotenoids that reduce the risk of developing cataracts.
Marigolds are one of the flowers of the traditional Ukrainian wreath, a symbol of fidelity. They were woven into a girl's wreath in order to decorate the little boy: so that he would not forget the road to the dear, so that he would always be faithful to her. It was believed that they kindle love interest, passion.
Autumn is a season of charm. It is associated with harvesting, rich colors of foliage and flowers. We will teach you how to create autumn bouquets quickly and simply with your own hands, so that you can transfer a part of this time of year to your home.
A flower arrangement is a bouquet assembled in a certain way. In addition to cut flowers, ribbons, beads, balls and other decorations can be included in the composition. When decorating such a bouquet, one should take into account where in the setting it will stand and in which vessel. To prevent the flowers from fading for a long time, it is advisable to use a special dark colored floral sponge. Autumn compositions can be composed of flowers, yellowed leaves, dried flowers, cereals and various fruits. We offer you a detailed photo master class.
How to make an extraordinary bouquet:
This kind of bouquet is perfect for a school, as a gift for a teacher on September 1. Optionally, you can add school supplies to the composition.
For the original decoration of your own home, you can use compositions from natural materials. Leaves, painted in a bright color, will serve as an excellent basis for this.
Who doesn't like flowers? There are no such people, you must agree, because without them it is simply impossible to imagine some kind of holiday, anniversary, or official event. What to say about women's day or a gift for a sweetheart. Yes, not everyone likes pompous roses, but tulips always evoke only positive emotions. There is a huge variety of them, and you can create the perfect gift with your own hands. Don't know how? So read on how to make a simple bouquet of tulips, and how to save it without having the experience of a florist.
Look at the photo below, it's charming, isn't it? To draw up a beautiful and correct bouquet, you need to choose varieties that will look aesthetically pleasing, have a high decorative effect, a dense stem, and a long shelf life of freshness. In general, now florists prefer to choose Dutch tulips rather than those that were bred in our country. They last longer, do not disintegrate or bend. Therefore, if you are looking for flowers for a future gift, ask the Dutch varieties in the flower shop.
If we talk about names, then Albatross, Beauty Trend, Eugene, Canberra, Kasia, Veranda are also suitable for making beautiful bouquets of tulips.
These varieties can be grown by yourself. If you suddenly cannot find certain tulips in the store, then simply select flowers, guided by the following points:
These are important nuances to pay attention to. It is also worth noting that you can make a bouquet not only with tulips alone, but also complement them with greens, twigs, and other flowers. For example, florists often use chrysanthemums, gypsophila, roses, eustoma, astilba, bells, muscari, hydrangea, anemones, antirrinum, freesia as supplements. You can see such mixed bouquets of tulips in the photo below. The combination of peony varieties with varieties where the bud looks like a wine glass also looks very beautiful.
Tip! If you absolutely do not understand anything in floristry, then it is better not to experiment with different colors for the first time. A monobouquet even in one shade in combination with kraft paper will look perfect.
This small section is very important. After all, a lot depends on the color of the tulips in the bouquet. Beginners often make the mistake of making up - they buy different shades that they like. Yes, these tulips can be luxurious when kept apart. In the bouquet, a lurid variety is created, the result may turn out to be tasteless.
Tip! Before you start making bouquets, study the information on shades and their combinations. For example, a lavender-white bouquet looks delicate, while an orange-green one is catchy and bold. Examples of the perfect match are shown below.
Tulips in craft paper
Someone thinks that floristry is a simple occupation that anyone can learn. Others believe that natural or artificial floristry is an overwhelming task for an ordinary person who does not have the proper knowledge, skills, artistic taste and creative thinking. In fact, both the first and second statements are true.
Floristry is a decorative and applied art of assembling various flower arrangements, which has its own technical and creative side. And this means that really everyone can learn - first of all, if there is a desire. Therefore, if the birthday of your beloved friend, mother is approaching, or if roses are just blooming in the garden, do not postpone your first lesson and try to assemble a bouquet yourself. Simple and clear recommendations of an experienced florist will help in this.
Information: The main task of floristry is to provide flower decoration of the interior, outfit, cars for a holiday, compilation of everyday compositions for work, retail and residential premises, as well as the assembly of bouquets of various types and purposes. In addition, the florist can create accessories from flowers - frames, arches, garlands, baskets, handbags and even a necklace with bracelets.
The assembly of bouquets begins with the preparation of raw materials and tools. Raw materials are primarily the flowers themselves, as well as auxiliary elements:
Of the tools you need scissors or pruners, a knife, a stapler, stationery sticky tape will speed up and facilitate the work (florists use a special professional one). You will need a decorative net, film or paper for wrapping the finished bouquet, perhaps some additional tools or decorative details.
Next, you should prepare flowers and greens. The preparation consists in stripping the lower part of the stems from leaves and thorns. In addition, flowers must be sorted by length and size.
Important: for the bouquet to look harmonious, you should remember one simple rule: that part of it that will be in a bundle or in a vase is equal to about one third of the total height of the composition. There are other proportions - five parts of the height of the flowers remain outside, three parts are immersed in a vase. This rule works for classic vertical bouquets.
Florists have several ways to assemble bouquets. It is impossible to simply gather flowers and greenery in an armful, tie it with twine and wrap it in oilcloth - it will be ugly and sloppy. Although in some cases professionals use just such a technique to get an original and unusual composition. But for beginners it is better to get acquainted with the classic techniques of assembling bouquets, and then proceed to creative experiments. There are such main types:
The simplest option is a boutonniere, even a preschooler can fold a small bouquet by collecting a bunch of dandelions for mom. In this case, the instruction of a specialist is not so necessary. The most difficult option is asymmetrical. The parallel method is used primarily for creating desktop compositions. Therefore, for training, it is worth stopping at the spiral technique - if everything is done correctly, the result will be a gorgeous bouquet.
Unusual bouquets are in great demand lately. In addition to compositions of toys and sweets, today you can get bouquets of vegetables, fruits, dried fruits and other edible items as a gift.
Vegetable composition will be an excellent present or an unusual sign of attention for a person who adheres to a healthy lifestyle or is a vegetarian. The peculiarity of working with vegetables and fruits is that with their help you can create incredible beauty, dazzling with a variety of colors. These bouquets are 100% edible. But they have one drawback - they cannot be stored outdoors for a long time. The vegetable bouquet should be refrigerated and eaten as soon as possible. Therefore, you will not be able to enjoy its beauty for a long time.
Any product can be used to create such compositions, but only fresh and with a good aroma. The combination of colors and shapes in a bouquet is also important. For example, a master may opt for orange. Total orange comes from carrots, orange bell peppers and tomatoes. The winter option involves the use of carrots with tangerines. You can complement the composition with rose hips and flowers.
Bouquets look very original, where all vegetables look like flowers. If you pack the bell peppers, garlic, cauliflower and herbs correctly, you get an incredibly beautiful composition.
The simplest, but original bouquets can be collected from greens, lettuce and various types of cabbage.
Craftsmen often don't stop at vegetables alone. They complement the compositions with fruits, fresh flowers and various sweets. The main thing is that everything looks harmonious.
Any material can be used as packaging. You can even pack a bouquet of vegetables into a newspaper so that it becomes a real masterpiece of handicraft art.
Depending on what kind of creative idea the master wants to bring to life, the number and type of components may change, but insignificantly, since the main ingredients remain unchanged - these are vegetables. At the same time, it must be borne in mind that the products should be as fresh as possible and of the highest quality. The bouquet will quickly become ugly and start to smell bad if you do not follow this simple rule.
In some cases, craftsmen will cut or completely cut some vegetables. Such bouquets should reach the recipient as soon as possible, since their "life" is very short. It is advisable to store them in a cool place.
In addition to edible ingredients, you must prepare: