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Dried vegetables and fruits
In the old years, products were dried, as a rule, in the open air, in a strong wind, but today this process is increasingly carried out in special heating installations: drying cabinets, gas or electric stoves or a Russian oven (if there is one ). If this year has turned out to be extremely fruitful, and there is no way to process all the vegetables and fruits, the drying method is just what you need.
The dried product is ready to eat immediately, without any processing. It is quite capable of replacing candy. It can be used, for example, with tea or coffee. If you pour dried berries and fruits with hot boiled water and let them brew for two hours, you get a very tasty and healthy compote. But that's not all. From dried fruits and vegetables, they prepare filling for pies, dessert and main dishes, add to salads, use as a seasoning for meat and fish dishes, use to decorate cakes, and the juice obtained during the drying process is used to preserve vegetables and fruits or add to compotes. You need to store home-cooked dried foods in sealed glass jars or paper bags. In such packaging, they remain for a long time, the main thing is to monitor the temperature and humidity, otherwise the dried products can become damp and moldy.
If you are interested in such an interesting and, in general, inexpensive way, like drying vegetables and fruits, it's time to turn to the recipes.
Physalis is a herb of the Solanaceae family. It is very easy to recognize it among other crops: the fruits of the plant ripen in accrete sepals that look like lanterns. Hence the popular name of physalis - "Chinese lanterns".
About 117 varieties of this plant are known, among which there are not only decorative, but also edible. The latter include vegetable and berry physalis, which we will talk about in more detail.
Physalis has many popular names: bubbly, blister grass, dog cherries, Peruvian gooseberries, strawberry tomatoes, etc. Physalis is mainly grown in the middle lane as an annual.
Type of physalisCharacteristic of VegetableFruits of different shades: yellow, purple, green. Weight - 80-90 g. Plant height - up to 1 m. Productivity - about 3-5 kg per bush. Popular varieties: Tomatillo, Confectioner, Korolek, Lakomka, etc. Berry: Peruvian Zemlyanichny Fruits of amber color, weighing 7-12 g. Tall bushes. Late ripening, demanding for heat. Popular varieties: Kudesnik, Columbus, etc. more early maturing and cold-resistant. Fragrant berries do not exceed 10 g by weight. Low yield - about 300 g per bush. Popular varieties: Amber, Gold placer, etc.
If you are not interested in the fruits of a plant, and you just want to decorate a flower garden, choose a decorative physalis, or an ordinary one. Its stems with bright "lanterns" can be used for fresh or dry bouquets.
So, let's look at the reasons why it is worth planting physalis in a summer cottage.
No special agricultural techniques are required. You can sow seeds directly into open ground when the soil warms up (late April - early May). But it is better to grow physalis through seedlings, so fruiting will come faster.
Before sowing, disinfect the seeds for about 20 minutes in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. Then dry it and plant it in moist fertile soil to a depth of 1 cm. You can use peat pots for sowing, but in this case, sow 2-3 seeds in each. The first shoots will appear in 5-6 days. All young plants need is regular watering and a comfortable temperature between 15-20 ° C.
Physalis dive in the phase of 2-3 true leaves. To prevent the seedlings from stretching, deepen them to the cotyledon leaves, and after the end of return frosts, plant them in open ground or a greenhouse. By this time, the plants should have at least 5-7 true leaves. Choose a place for planting in a sunny or partial shade.